Studying Genetic Testing for Disorders in Kids

genetic testing for kids and children

Sometimes parent tends to look for the probable cause of dyslexia in their kids owing to gene mutation. Physicians under such circumstance ask for genetic testing of pregnant women including newborn kids and other children. Sometimes after going through the physical exams, the diagnosis is completed. Specific testing is also done to analyse the causes of genetic disorders which includes examining the chromosomes plus DNA, also testing blood for checking the abnormality in any of the enzymes.

For this matter, the initial appointment with the medical officer includes general know-how of the family history, medical background, health condition of the family members and presence of any medical issues amongst any siblings or parents. Mainly X-rays, MRI or even genetic testing is done (urine or blood test). Sometimes a child is also tested in the clinic environment in the vicinity of the hospital environment.

Categories of different genetic testing types for kids:

There are some key genetic testing which requires some prerequisite along with proper procedures. Example are:

Predictive genetic testing:

This testing studies probability of any person towards the development of any disease or problem later in life. The situation is evident in the case of some heart diseases or cancer. Sometimes the occurrence of the issue is backed by the family history of getting infected by that disease and sometimes it happens without any family member getting infected with the disease.

Pre-symptomatic genetic testing:

It means when anyone in the family has a genetic disorder but no symptoms, how the disease will be transferred to the kids later in their age. It also analysis the gene alteration in any child due to the presence of the disease.

Carrier testing:

It happens when a person carries one gene of any disease. autosomal recessive means the probability of gene alteration is only when both the genes are inherited from both copies and thus change the gene anatomy. In this case, there are 25 per cent chances of pregnant women have transferred the gene mutation in the unborn child.

The prenatal diagnosis:

This test is mainly taken to test the presence of any disease or birth disorder in the developing fetus. It includes blood screen tests, amniocentesis, ultrasound, and umbilical cord testing.

The preimplantation studies:

This is applicable in the case of Vitro fertilization. It highlights the presence of any gene mutation in a developing embryo before it is formally put inside the womb of a mother.

There is some screening done for the newborn baby before birth. These testing and screenings are done to diagnose and bring to light the issue with the unborn child. In this case, the probable treatment and solution are looked forward to treating the issue.

In Conclusion

Some tests are considered essential for a child to find out the probability of any gene mutation in their genetic makeup. No matter what, if you or your spouse has some signs of gene mutation and you fear your child might show some symptoms as well, go for genetic testing. Consult some experienced physician in this regard.

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