Causes of Delayed Speech in Toddlers

How often have you heard people loudly react when they find a three-year-old who is yet to talk? How often have you asked the question, “he hasn’t spoken yet?” This question can be overwhelming for parents because they cannot understand why their child is yet to utter a word. Instead of getting worked up over speech delays, parents should seek speech therapy Singapore to determine the cause of speech delays. 

Identifying speech delays in toddlers

Developmental delays are common in 10-15% of toddlers. The first sign of speech and language development skills is cooing in infants. After a few months, the cooing changes into meaningless babbling and ultimately, the first understandable words. 

One of the early signs that many parents miss is an infant who isn’t cooing at two months. Unfortunately, many first-time parents may not identify this tale-tell sign. At 18 months, most children can say simple words, such as “mama” or “dada”.

Unfortunately, not all children go through this process. When a toddler turns three without speech, whether unintelligible or understandable, the child may have delayed speech. A speech therapist Singapore will assess the child to determine the cause behind the delays and the probable solutions.

Qualified speech therapists in Singapore have identified several causes of speech delays, including;

Problems with the mouth, tongue, or palate. 

Ankyloglossia, commonly known as tongue-tie, is a condition where the tongue connects to the floor of the mouth. This medical condition has been responsible for delayed speech in some children. Tongue-tie makes it difficult for the child to create certain sounds, including D, L, R, S, T, Z, and th. 

Absence of speech stimulation

Parents are often encouraged to speak to their children even when they are unlikely to get a response. The reason behind this is children need language stimulation. Engaging with children is crucial in language development, and ultimately, speech. Toddlers from homes with limited speech often delay speaking because they have no one with whom to engage. 

Similarly, babies who face abuse are usually not confident, which may affect their ability to speak. A speech therapist Singapore will try to find out much about the child’s home environment when attempting to find the cause of delayed speech. 

Hearing Loss

Toddlers usually mimic words they often hear at home. Those with hearing loss, poor hearing, or those who hear distorted speech may experience difficulty achieving the speech milestone. Speech therapy Singapore notes that children with hearing loss fail to acknowledge an object or even a person. They also fail to use gestures. 

Since it is difficult to tell that a toddler is experiencing hearing difficulty, a speech therapist Singapore will tell if this is the cause for speech delay. 

Neurological problems

Neurological disorders, such as cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, and muscular dystrophy. In cerebral palsy, hearing loss and other developmental issues may affect a child’s speech. A speech therapists Singapore may recommend medical tests to confirm neurological causes of speech delays.

Autism spectrum disorder

Some parents discover that their child is on the autism spectrum because of delayed speech. This is because speech and language problems are a sign of autism disorder. Some of the visible signs of speech difficulties in autistic children include repetitive phrases, failure to create new phrases, impaired communication, poor social interaction, and speech regression. 

Parents need to maintain an open mind when it comes to delayed speech in toddlers. It is best to seek speech therapy services for support.

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Pros and cons of the international baccalaureate

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Pros and cons of the international baccalaureate

If you are thinking of the international baccalaureate program then it is time you sit yourself down and make a list of pros and cons of the program. To make life easier for you here is a comprehensive list of all the pros and cons of this program. You can use this list when you are making your decision.


Global Recognition
This is one of the most obvious points that is a major boost. Any IB diploma program that you enrol for is well recognised in every leading university in the world. You are instantly put on the world stage.

Preparation for university
By enrolling in an IB program you are effectively getting yourself into an institute that helps you prepare for university. This program teaches you a lot of fundamental skills that are very helpful at a later time. You will learn how to write essays and reports according to the university style. You can also learn how to carry out an independent research and cite your sources well. In addition, an IB program helps you learn the art of time management and how to efficiently self-study.

Well-rounded education
The vast curriculum that an IB program offers is a major plus point as it is something that no other course offers. There is a wider range of subjects that you are exposed to and thus you have the benefit of choice. It helps you learn to adapt to the different courses, strengthen your personality and push yourself harder to reach the goals.

Personal development
IB programs won’t only help you to grow intellectually but also emotionally. This program can help you become a better person. Having more socially conscious individuals in the world can also work towards building a world where there is more peace.


Length of study
Choosing an IB program is never a walk in the park. It is more like a marathon that you have to keep pushing through. You would need to work consistently and give a solid performance all throughout the 2 years that you spend in the program.

Heavy workload
In an IB program, you need to complete all of the mandatory coursework for the 6 subjects along with essays, projects, and presentations that are an essential part of the 3 core subjects.

Limited flexibility
Even though you have a lot of different subjects that you can choose from there is limited flexibility as there is a wide range of study that is required.

When choosing an IB programme in Singapore you can use this list to decide whether the course is really for you.

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Why Enroll Your Children In Abacus Classes

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If someone were to come up to you and ask what is 1887+2347? Your first reaction is to reach out for the smart phone,

but did you know a 6 year old can figure it out without looking into the calculator? How you ask, that is the power of abacus training.

If you don t understand the fundamentals of numbers thoroughly, grasping the idea that complex numbers can be added without an

external learning aid seems impossible. Abacus is used during mental math class which is now available in most places in Singapore.

Why enroll your children in abacus classes?

Abacus has a dual benefit to a child s mental health: it nurtures the development of a stable and strong mind. Building confidence in one subject

at a young age reflects in the overall personality. Abacus training is recommended for children because:

” Strong understanding of math: Math is difficult when it is poorly understood. Learning the concepts at a young age simplifies application

of complex mathematical equations later on in life. Math is the most misunderstood subject because it lacks a tangible mode of learning. Abacus

overcomes this limitation by explaining abstract concepts through beads. Such a concept also improves hand eye coordination. With practice, the child

creates an image of the abacus and can solve questions mentally.

” Logical understanding: As mentioned in the previous point, with time and practice the child learns to solve the problems mentally without the

need of a physical abacus. To do so, the child subconsciously develops the capacity to logically solve problems through correlation with previously

taught concepts. Practicing mental math makes logical solutions second nature.

” Activates right side of the brain: It is now well understood that the brain is divided into two halves, each specific for a nature of physical

function. The left half of the brain is the information analysis center while the right is responsible for visualization and creative thinking. While

performing math questions using pen and paper, it is the left side of the brain which is at work. Right side of the brain is activated when the child

starts to solve math problems using an abacus through creative visualization and memory.

” Improvement in visualization and memory: Memory and visualization are often not given the credit they deserve. Scientists concluded from the

findings of a study that children who practiced learning through the abacus had a sharper sense of visual memory and auditory reaction when compared

to non-abacus learners. Also, abacus learners develop clear visualization as they progress. Visualization is an important skill for learning.

” Improvement in concentration: Researchers from Decker Avenue School California studied the effect of abacus on concentration and found that students

who received such training showed a higher level of concentration as compared to others.

” Other benefits of abacus training includes sharpening physical reflexes, faster rate of calculation, development of photographic memory, improved

reasoning, problem solving abilities and a strong foundation to learning the most important concepts of math which are division, addition, multiplication and subtraction.

Every child possesses an inherent ability to be smarter than their environment. Genes don t determine our intelligence; it is the training we receive while

young which do. Everyone is given an equal opportunity to maximize intelligence. Children who are enrolled in abacus training excel in other subjects apart

from math. As a parent, the most important duty is to ensure that children receive the best education to equip them with all the necessary life skills. Math may

not be a life skill, but the confidence which lays the first stone of foundation from solving a problem, will take them on the road to success.

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Chinese Drama Classes As Enrichment Programs For Children

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An underrated enrichment program for children is drama classes. There are many Chinese speech and drama classes in Singapore and the numbers

raise an important question: what are the benefits of using drama as a teaching aid to learn Chinese? Drama is a powerful teaching tool which is

capable of stimulating real-life situations to build confidence. Unlike other enrichment programs, drama classes demand the input of every participating
student ensuring that no child is left behind. Be it acting, dancing or recitation, each child is given a platform to give into their imagination and bring

a concept to life. The intension of an enrichment class is to enrich students by challenging them to mind stimulant activities.

Drama is an apt enrichment program for children for various reasons. A few of which are:

” Apart from polishing language skills, drama teaches the right pronunciation and intonation.

” Every parent can vouch for the lack of concentration of their child. It is next to impossible to keep a child interested for more than 5 minutes.

Teachers have to constantly seek new methods to hold the attention of the classroom. Drama is an effortlessly riveting activity which gives children a sense

of purpose and responsibility. When learning is fun, interest comes without coaxing. Children are deeply involved in the activities and concentrate on the

completion of the given task. Most sessions involve listening activities where the children are asked to listen and recognize the speaker.

” Adults are most comfortable when they wear a mask. Children are not shy to begin with (they are still untouched by the brutal judgement of the world)

but there are many who need a slight encouraging push in the right direction. In a few weeks, the shy boy/girl from class will willingly walk up and recite  without hesitation.

” You can be the world s most brilliant mind but if you re unable to express yourself, you will always remain unknown. Drama emphasizes on self-expression.

Vocabulary of the child is contributed by the new words they learn with each recital. They also learn new games and participate in role playing. Communication is

not just restricted to verbal dialogues, children are encouraged to use non-verbal communication such as facial and hand gestures.

” Cooperation is a basic skill which we fail to teach. Improvisation, singing and playing together is a team effort and requires cooperation of all participants.

With practice, children understand the importance of relying on each other in the effort to put up an applaud-worthy show. Children love the spotlight and will behave accordingly for the reward.

” Children pick up Chinese in no time when they start learning songs and games. Since teaching is not in a formal setting, the fun environment is effective in

understanding concepts like numbers, places, names and other important lessons.

” Children are highly imaginative. Their creativity leads to the genesis of incredulous stories, events and in a few cases, imaginary friends. Presenting a

child with a concept of the world around them, gives them an opportunity to investigate and understand. Interest is sparked to learn more about facts which fascinate them.

” Emotional intelligence is as important as IQ. Children are encouraged to act out emotions enabling them to assess the feeling. As a result, they become more
ware of their emotions and develop empathy.

Teaching is successful in a positive environment. Drama classes create a support system where children rely on each other and form new connections. Unlike school, at
enrichment classes smaller groups are made and the child has to interact with others. Learning is accelerated when there are helpful friends around.

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Learning Through Drama: Why Teach Chinese Through Drama

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A popular Chinese proverb goes , Tell me and I will forget. Show me and I will remember. Involve me and I will Understand.

According to VARK model, learners are categorized into 4 groups, which are:

” Auditory learners

” Writing/ reading learners

” Kinesthetic learners

” Visual learners

All young children can be grouped in Kinesthetic learners because they understand best when they watch a live demonstration. It is

common to teach young children rhymes and poems with gestures. Many teachers also incorporate voice intonation and dramatics during

story time to keep the listens hooked on.

Chinese Speech and drama class Singapore explores the importance of teaching Chinese through drama:

” Ability to solve problems with creativity: Drama is powerful tool which challenges a student s perception of themselves and the

world around them. Drama sets a safe stage for the child to express their feelings, dreams and thoughts which they cannot, otherwise.

For a brief moment, a student puts on a faade of a complete stranger. Such a liberated experience allows them to be whoever they wish to be.

A shy child will transform into the skin of a stern emperor when immersed in that part. Over time, a child develops the ability to solve problems by looking

at it from a different perspective. Start off by assigning simple plays in Chinese with a few lines for each child. Watch them bloom into confident speakers

as they take on more exercises.

” Improved Communication: Learning during young age is through repetition. When each child is given a limited number of lines, they not only learn their

own lines, but also understand the cues from a speaker before or after their turn. They end up learning most lines apart from their own. Memorizing the lines

improves understanding of the language. Drama is the ideal platform to improve communication in today s technologically merged world.

” Collaborative learning: Children fare better when they learn as a group. Teaching young children is effective when they have company. When in a group,

they lean on each other emotionally to create a symbiotic environment. Children within a group help each other learn. Sometimes, a child understands best when

a concept is explained by another child. Learning Mandarin Chinese becomes easy when the children in the group are each give a line to memorize. They will invariably

collaborate and co-ordinate to ensure that each child completes the given task. The task given is completed only when all the children in the group are successful

in their roles. There is no other learning form which is more collaborative than drama.

” Active learning: Active learning is fulfilled through empathetic understanding and kinesthetics. Making students enact a play is more than putting up a

show: it subtly influences the child to empathize with any given character leading to a deeper understanding of the topic. Information retention is improved when

understanding is deepened. Children who are learning Chinese through speech and drama can also be taught portions of other subjects through enactment.

” Hone confidence: An attempt of learning a new language is successful when the child is confident while communicating. Drama instills confidence in

children and removes stage fright. It is OK for children to make mistakes while learning, what is important is the confidence with which they deliver.

Having understood the importance and efficiency of learning Chinese through drama, start today by assigning each child in class one or two lines to deliver.

As they grow confident and learn more words, the number of lines can be increased. Within no time, the child will develop fluency in the language and speak without any hesitations.

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Age Appropriate Syllabus for Preschool

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The range of learning offered must benefit children based on their age as they learn idiosyncratically. To help a child grasp the concepts of the material in the textbook, the teacher has to explain in depth through figures and letters of the alphabet. By doing so, the child will not miss out entirely on the entire subject which also helps them go on ahead. Every teacher must ensure that children are exposed to information based on their age and aptitude.

In preschool, a child is taught simple aspects of learning. For instance, the textbook has a picture and the word next to the picture. This shows the child that the word in the picture begins with a letter of the alphabet. He, therefore, learns that A (for instance) stands for apple, B – ball, and so on and so forth. This basic knowledge helps him relate to these pictures and slowly form additional words and then sentences. The idea is to make sure that the context is age appropriate.

Participation in the classroom helps engage the child during activities for toddlers and acheive a long-term learning curve. Learning numbers is also a necessity so that the child is able to decipher them, in doing so, he also learns about single digits, double digits and more. Naturally, based on the age group, children learn to count from one to ten or hundred, depending on their capacity to grasp and adapt.

Incorporating language skills is of utmost importance as this helps in basic communication. In the early years of childhood learning, the option to learn an additional language aside from the home language helps him considerably. Research has proven that bilingual children respond better to situations and tend to imbibe informative content faster than unilingual kids.

Science and culture play a crucial role in the holistic development of children during learning periods when having activities for toddlers . Learning about flora and fauna enables them to connect with what they watch on television or in books. Outdoor classes prep them for additional learning about the different tones of the sky and the elements. They learn about climatic conditions and are able to discern differences in simple patterns.

Encouraging the creative abilities in the classroom is essential to keep the attention span of the child. When he has an avenue to speak his feelings through theater, nursery rhymes with actions, singing, painting, he will be encouraged to better his skill set.

Visit the website that throws out the relevance of child appropriate syllabi for preschool.

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